Jack Russell Terrier
- FCI Classification: 345
- Origin: Great Britain
- Height: 25 to 30 cm
Hair: Rough, smooth or broken. Weatherproof. These dogs lose hair.
Colour: Predominantly white with tan or black markings.
General impression: The overall dog is longer than high. The depth of the body from the withers to the brisket should equal the length of foreleg from elbows to the ground. The girth behind the elbows should be about 40 to 43 cm. The Jack Russell has a characteristic, noble-looking neck.
Behaviour: Fast and tough. Courageous, intelligent and confident. Very active, needs a lot of space, should live in a house with a garden. Likes chasing moving objects. Learns fast. Jack Russell Terrier is also an alert and lively dog. Bold and friendly. Generally, it is a working dog, due to its passion for hunting, with ability to go to ground and to follow tracking dogs. Agile.
Attitude to people: It is a cheerful and lovable dog. At home, it needs cuddling and close contact with its owner. Outdoors, it is brave and full of energy. People who are anxious and used to quiet and comfortable life might not be able to cope with this dog. Jack Russell Terriers are always ready to play. However, they are not very good defenders.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The breed was developed in England due to the efforts of the Reverend John Russell, who bred terriers for several tens of years in the 19th century, with a view to receiving dogs able to hunt together with his foxhounds. He also wanted them to be earth dogs, able to hunt the fox and other game. Besides the Jack Russell Terrier, there is a variety of the breed, called Parson Russell Terrier, which is taller and more squarely built. Official FCI breed standard was accepted on July 2nd, 1990.